International Experts’ Perspective on the Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) and Electromagnetic
By: Various Authors
International Experts’ Perspective on the Health Effects of
Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) and Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR).
June 11, 2011. Below are some of the key resolutions/appeals released by expert scientific groups around the world since 1998, regarding
the biological and health
effects of both low frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) associated with electricity and radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic radiation (EMR) generated by wireless devices.
Anyone who reads these cannot be left with the illusion (or delusion) that this form
of energy is without adverse biological and health consequences at levels well below existing guidelines.
Children are particularly vulnerable. It is irresponsible of governments to maintain the status quo in light
of thousands of studies that have been published and statements by these experts.
Here are the resolutions/appeals/reports in reverse chronological order:
18. May 31, 2011: International
Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and World Health Organization (WHO) reclassified radio frequency electromagnetic fields as a Class 2B
carcinogen (possibly carcinogen to humans). This applies to all forms of radio frequency radiation (and not
just cell phones as some inaccurately claim). Click here for press release. Final report will be published in
the July 1st issue of The Lancet Oncology.
17. May 2011: The Parliamentary
Assembly Council of Europe (PACE) released Resolution 1815 on the Potential Dangers of Electromagnetic Fields and their effect on the
Environment. This document has some excellent recommendations
regarding cell phones, cordless phones, wireless baby monitors, WiFi, WLAN, WiMax, power lines, relay antenna
base stations; with special concerns expressed for the protection of children and those who are
electrosensitive. Click here for document.
2011: Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS) and Electrohypersensitivity (EHS), Summary of meeting at the WHO
headquarters Geneva, May 13, 2011. Click here for report. Some statements from this
meeting are quoted below:
We need to include these illnesses [MCS and EHS]
in the WHO International Classification of Diseases (ICD), because what makes it more difficult for legal
recognition is precisely the lack of code for these diseases in the ICD.
The adverse reactions to chemicals or electromagnetic radiation vary in duration according
to each patient, and the manifestations differ too. When the patient is again exposed, symptoms usually worsen or
result in the appearance of new symptoms.
The process of these diseases (MCS and EHS) is chronic and the patient’s situation is
exacerbated if he/she lives in a toxic environment, such as near Tarragona petrochemical industry or subjected to
electromagnetic radiation: emissions in the neighborhood, mobile phone antennas , etc. The patient has to avoid
We are facing very high numbers of people already diagnosed . . . between 12% and 15% of the
population has some kind of disturbance in the presence of a chemical substance. In the EHS, figures of affected
people are between 3 and 6% of the population, but these numbers are growing continuously.
Each country can recognize these diseases and include them in their ICE, independently of
WHO, since according to the WHO countries have sovereignty on this issue.
April 2011: The Russian National Committee on
Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (RNCNIRP) released their Resolution entitled
"Electromagnetic fields from Mobile Phones: Health Effect on Children
and Teenagers". Click here for report.
The Committee presents some startling statistics [references provided in original
In April 2008, the RNCNIRP reviewed the short-term
and long-term effects of mobile phone use for children. In particular, it reviewed possible decrease of
intellectual abilities and cognition together with possible increases in susceptibility to epileptic fits,
"acquired dementia" and degeneration of cerebral nervous structures. The results of clinical studies have
shown that chronic exposure to RF EMF may lead to borderline psychosomatic disorders. In 2010, a number of
papers published in Russian and foreign peer-reviewed journals showed a response to RF EMF exposure from the
. . . since 2000 there has been a steady growth in
the incidence of childhood diseases identified by RNCNIRP as "possible diseases" from mobile phone use. Of
particular concern is the morbidity increase among young people aged 15 to 19 years (it is very likely that
most of them are mobile phone users for a long period of time). Compared to 2009, the number of CNS [central
nervous system] disorders among 15 to 17 year-old has grown by 85%, the number of individuals with epilepsy
or epileptic syndrome has grown by 36%, the number of "mental retardation" cases has grown by 11%, and the
number of blood disorders and immune status disorders has grown by 82%. In group of children aged less than
14 years there was a 64% growth in the number of blood disorders and immune status disorders, and 58% growth
in nervous disorders. The number of patients aged 15 to 17 years old having consultations and treatment due
to CNS disorders has grown by 72%.
Because of this the RNCNIRP considers it important to conduct a scientific study to
determine whether the growth in morbidity resulted from EMF exposure from mobile phone use or whether it was caused
by other factors.
14. 2010: Seletun Statement,
Norway: The International Electromagnetic Field Alliance (IEMFA) released their report entitled Scientific Panel on Electromagnetic Field Health Risks: Consensus
Points, Recommendations, and Rationales following a scientific meeting at Seletun Norway
November 2009. The summary/abstract is provided below. Click here for publication. Click here for report and
short video of Dr. Olle Johansson.
Summary: In November, 2009, a scientific panel met in
Seletun, Norway, for three days of intensive discussion on existing scientific evidence and public health
implications of the unprecedented global exposures to artificial electromagnetic fields (EMF). EMF exposures
(static to 300 GHz) result from the use of electric power and from wireless telecommunications technologies
for voice and data transmission, energy, security, military and radar use in weather and transportation. The
Scientific Panel recognizes that the body of evidence on EMF requires a new approach to protection of public
health; the growth and development of the fetus, and of children; and argues for strong preventative actions.
New, biologically-based public exposure standards are urgently needed to protect public health
Conclusions in this report build upon prior scientific and public
health reports and resolutions documenting the following consensus points:
a) Low-intensity (non-thermal) bioeffects and
adverse health effects are demonstrated at levels significantly below existing exposure
b) ICNIRP and IEEE/FCC public safety limits are inadequate and obsolete with respect to
prolonged, low-intensity exposures.
c) New, biologically-based public exposure standards are urgently needed to protect public
d) It is not in the public interest to wait.
2009: EU Parliament Electromagnetic Report and
Resolution entitled: European Parliament Resolution on health concerns associated with
electromagnetic fields, was adopted February 17, 2009 with 29
recommendations. Click here for report.
12. 2009: Porto Alegre Resolution,
Brazil. Scientists and doctors recognize
electrohypersensitivity and are concerned that exposure to electromagnetic fields may increase the risk of
cancer and chronic diseases; that exposure levels established by international agencies (IEEE, ICNIRP, ICES)
are obsolete; and that wireless technology places at risk the health of children, teens, pregnant women and
others who are vulnerable. Click here for document.
11. 2008: Venice Resolution,
Italy. International Commission for Electromagnetic
Safety (ICEMS) Scientists recognize biological effects at non-thermal levels, that standards are inadequate,
that electro-sensitivity exists and that there is a need to research mechanisms. Click here for Venice
Three key statements are provided below:
We take exception to the claim of the wireless
communication industry that there is no credible scientific evidence to conclude there a risk. Recent
epidemiological evidence is stronger than before, which is a further reason to justify precautions be taken
to lower exposure standards in accordance with the Precautionary Principle.
We recognize the growing public health problem known as electrohypersensitivity; that this
adverse health condition can be quite disabling; and, that this condition requires further urgent investigation and
We strongly advise limited use of cell phones, and other similar devices, by young children
and teenagers, and we call upon governments to apply the Precautionary Principle as an interim measure while more
biologically relevant standards are developed to protect against, not only the absorption of electromagnetic energy
by the head, but also adverse effects of the signals on biochemistry, physiology and electrical
10. 2007: BioInitiative Report, USA. In response to statements that there are no
scientific studies showing adverse biological effects of low level electromagnetic fields and radio frequency
radiation, a group of researchers produced the BioInitiative Report that documents 2000 studies showing
biological effects of extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields and radio frequency (RF) radiation
and calling for biologically based exposure guidelines. This document was criticized for not having been
peer-reviewed even though most of the studies cited in this document were peer-reviewed. Click here for
Since then some of the BioInitiative papers as well as ones by other authors have appeared
in a special issue of the peer-reviewd journal Pathophysiology (Volume 16 Issues 2-3, 2009). The papers in this
journal document EMF effects on DNA, EMF effects on the brain, EMF in the environment, and science as a guide to
public policy. Click here for abstracts.
2006: Benevento Resolution, Italy. The International Commission for Electromagnetic Safety (ICEMS)
organized a conference entitled: The Precautionary EMF Approach: Rationale, Legislation and
Implementation. Scientists at this conference signed the Benevento
Resolution (click here for pdf) that consists of 7 major statements. Among those statements are the
1. . . . there are adverse health effects from
occupational and public exposures to electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields, or EMF, at current
exposure levels. What is needed, but not yet realized, is a comprehensive, independent and transparent
examination of the evidence pointing to this emerging, potential public health
4. Arguments that weak (low intensity) EMF cannot affect biological systems do not represent
the current spectrum of scientific opinion.
6. We encourage governments to adopt a framework of guidelines for public and occupational
EMF exposure that reflect the Precautionary Principle– as some nations have already done.
Helsinki Appeal, Finland. Physicians and researchers presented the Helsinki
Appeal to the European Parliament. Click here for document. They state that:
The present safety standards of ICNIRP
(International Commission of Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection) do not recognize the biological effects
caused by non-ionizing radiation except those induced by the thermal effect. In the light of recent
scientific information, the standards recommended by ICNIRP have become obsolete and should be rejected.
Especially children and other persons at risk should be taken into account when re-evaluating the limits
regarding the harmful effects of electromagnetic fields and radiation. Call for new safety standards, reject
International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)
7. 2005: Irish Doctors’ Environmental Association
Members of IDEA wrote a position paper on
electromagnetic radiation. Doctors recognize electrohypersensitivity (EHS) is increasing and request advice
from government on how to treat EHS. Click here for document. Below is a quote from this
The Irish Doctors’ Environmental Association
believes that the Irish Government should urgently review the information currently available internationally
on the topic of the thermal and non-thermal effects of exposure to electro-magnetic radiation with a view to
immediately initiating appropriate research into the adverse health effects of exposure to all forms of
non-ionising radiation in this country, and into the forms of treatment available elsewhere. Before the
results of this research are available, an epidemiological database should be initiated of individuals
suffering from symptoms thought to be related to exposure to non-ionising radiation. Those claiming to be
suffering from the effects of exposure to electro-magnetic radiation should have their claims investigated in
a sensitive and thorough way, and appropriate treatment provided by the State.
The strictest possible safety regulations should be established for the installation of
masts and transmitters, and for the acceptable levels of potential exposure of individuals to electro-magnetic
Catania Resolution, Italy. This resolution was signed by scientists at the
international conference "State of the Research on Electromagnetic Fields-Scientific and Legal Issues". Click
here for resolution. Three of their statements are provided below:
1. Epidemiological and in vivo and in vitro
experimental evidence demonstrates the existence of electromagnetic field (EMF) induced effects, some of
which can be adverse to health.
4. The weight of evidence calls for preventive strategies based on the precautionary
principle. At times the precautionary principle may involve prudent avoidance and prudent use.
5. We are aware that there are gaps in knowledge on biological and physical effects, and
health risks related to EMF, which require additional independent research.
5. 2002 : Freiburg
Appeal, Germany. Physicians request tougher guidelines for radio
frequency exposure. This document was endorsed by thousands of healthcare practitioners. Click here for pdf.
Below is a quote from this report.
We have observed, in recent years, a dramatic rise
in severe and chronic diseases among our patients, especially:
· Learning, concentration, and behavioural disorders (e.g. attention deficit disorder, ADD)
· Extreme fluctuations in blood pressure, ever harder to influence with medications · Heart rhythm disorders ·
Heart attacks and strokes among an increasingly younger population · Brain-degenerative diseases (e.g. Alzheimer–s)
and epilepsy · Cancerous afflictions: leukemia, brain tumors
Moreover, we have observed an ever-increasing occurrence of various disorders, often
misdiagnosed in patients as psychosomatic:
· Headaches, migraines · Chronic exhaustion · Inner agitation · Sleeplessness, daytime
sleepiness · Tinnitus · Susceptibility to infection · Nervous and connective tissue pains, for which the usual
causes do not explain even the most conspicuous symptoms
Since the living environment and lifestyles of our patients are familiar to us, we can see
especially after carefully-directed inquiry a clear temporal and spatial correlation between the appearance of
disease and exposure to pulsed high -frequency microwave radiation (HFMR), such as:
· Installation of a mobile telephone sending station in the near vicinity · Intensive mobile
telephone use · Installation of a digital cordless (DECT) telephone at home or in the neighbourhood
We can no longer believe this to be purely coincidence, for:
· Too often do we observe a marked concentration of particular illnesses in correspondingly
HFMR-polluted areas or apartments; · Too often does a long-term disease or affliction improve or disappear in a
relatively short time after reduction or elimination of HFMR pollution in the patient’s environment; · Too often
are our observations confirmed by on-site measurements of HFMR of unusual intensity.
2002: Salzburg Resolution, Austria. The Salzburg Resolution on Mobile Telecommunication Base
Stations makes four recommendations including preliminary
0f 0.1 microW/cm2 for sum of all emissions from mobile phone stations. This is well below
the current ICNIRP guidelines and those in Canada and the US (1000 microW/cm2) and is slightly lower than
guidelines in Switzerland, Italy, Russia, China (10 mciroW/cm2). Click here for document.
2000: Stewart Report, UK. The Independent Expert Group on Mobile Phones (IEGMP) produced a
report, Mobile Phones and Health, that is commonly referred to as the Stewart
Report, named after its Chairman Sir William Stewart. Click here for pdf. A quote from the foreward shows how
much our understanding of this issue has changed since 2000.
The report points out that the balance of evidence
does not suggest mobile phone technologies put the health of the general population of the UK at risk. There
is some preliminary evidence that outputs from mobile phone technologies may cause, in some cases, subtle
biological effects, although, importantly, these do not necessarily mean that health is affected. There is
also evidence that in some cases people’s well-being may be adversely affected by the insensitive siting of
base stations. New mechanisms need to be set in place to prevent that
The report goes on to state that:
1.17. The balance of evidence to date suggests
that exposures to RF radiation below NRPB and ICNIRP guidelines do not cause adverse health effects to the
1.18 There is now scientific evidence, however, which suggests that there may be biological
effects occurring at exposures below these guidelines . . .
1.19 . . . We conclude therefore that it is not possible at present to say that exposure to
RF radiation, even at levels below national guidelines, is totally without potential adverse health effects, and
that the gaps in knowledge are sufficient to justify a precautionary approach.
1.20 In the light of the above considerations we recommend that a precautionary approach to
the use of mobile phone technologies be adopted until much more detailed and scientifically robust information on
any health effects becomes available.
2. 1998: Vienna EMF
Resolution, Austria. At a Workshop on Possible Biological and Health Effects of RF
Electromagnetic Fields, the scientists agreed on the
The participants agreed that biological effects from low-intensity
exposures are scientifically established. However, the current state of scientific consensus is inadequate to
derive reliable exposure standards. The existing evidence demands an increase in the research efforts on the
possible health impact and on an adequate exposure and dose asses.
Base stations: How could satisfactory Public
Participation be ensured?
The public should be given timely participation in the process. This
should include information on technical and exposure data as well as information on the status of the health
debate. Public participation in the decision (limits, siting, etc.) should be enabled.
Cellular phones: How could the situation of the
users be improved?
Technical data should be made available to the
users to allow comparison with respect to EMF-exposure. In order to promote prudent usage, sufficient
information on the health debate should be provided. This procedure should offer opportunities for the users
to manage reduction in EMF-exposure. In addition, this process could stimulate further
developmentlow-intensity emission devices
Regarding legal aspects . . .
there is protection deficit in the public and
private laws which is unsatisfactory. The legislator is requested to solve the conflict of interests between
the industries commission on one side and the neighbours involvement and their interests on protection of
life and health on the other side. Because of the constitutionally determined objectives of the state to
comprehensively protect the environment, there is a demand of acting precautionary on the polititcal and
The Vienna declaration on electromagnetic fields recommended 13
detailed action items for parliament to consider. Click here to read those items and to download
1. 1997: Boston Physicians’ and Scientists’ Petition.We the undersigned physicians and scientists call
upon public health officials to intervene to halt the initiation of communication transmissions employing
ground level, horizontally transmitted, pulsed microwaves in Boston. This form of transmission is scheduled
to begin June, 1997, by the Sprint Corporation for personal communications systems (PCS). Given the
biological plausibility of negative health impacts, particularly to the human nervous system, as well as
anecdotal evidence of illness and death from such exposures in cities where transmission has already been
implemented, and voluminous medical studies indicating human and ecological harm from microwaves, we urge the
suspension of that implementation pending full public notification of its potential hazards and the full
review and determination of its safety by the scientific community.
With 97 signatures sent to ENHALE (Environmental Health Advocacy League], Box 425 Concord
Based on these resolutions and appeals from international groups of physicians and
scientists immediate action is required to protect public health from continued increasing exposure to radio
frequency radiation and electromagnetic fields.
I call on . . .
1. regulators around the world to reexamine existing guidelines for both EMF and
EMR and to reduce them to the lowest possible levels to protect the public and workers. Values above 4
milliGauss (low frequency magnetic fields); above 0.1 microW/cm2 (power density for radio frequency
above 40 GS units (dirty electricity) have been associated with adverse health effects in
peer reviewed scientific publications!
2. government agencies responsibility for the location of both base stations and power
lines to keep distances at least 400 meters (base stations) and 100 meters (transmission lines) from
residential properties as well as school and health care facilities.
3. utilities (water, gas, electricity) to reconsider the use of wireless smart
meters and provide wired options for those who are sensitive, for those who do not want to be exposed, and
for those in densely populated settings.
4. manufacturers who are providing technology that uses electricity and/or emits
radio frequency radiation to re-engineer their products to provide the minimum radiation possible. This
includes light bulbs, computers, wireless home devices like baby monitors and cordless phones, cell phones,
smart meters, plasma TVs, among others.
5. architects, builders, electricians,
and plumbers to design and construct buildings that are based on principles of
good electromagnetic hygiene. This includes using materials that absorb or shield building interiors from
microwave radiation especially near external sources of this radiation and in multi-unit buildings; to
provide wired alternatives to wireless devices; to properly wire and ground buildings to minimize low
frequency electromagnetic fields and to eliminate ground current problems; and to install filters on
electrical panels and/or throughout the building to ensure good power quality.
6. local, state, federal health authorities to educate medical professions about the potential biological
effects of both low frequency and radio frequency electromagnetic energy; about the growing number of people
who have electrosensitivity (ES) or electrohypersensitivity (EHS) and to alert them on how they can help
their patients in terms of minimizing their exposure and promoting their
7. hospitals and
8. school boards should choose wired internet access over WiFi (wireless
technology) and not allow towers/antennas within 400 meters of their school
9. parents to practice good electromagnetic hygiene especially in the bedroom
and especially for their children. This involves using wired rather than wireless devices in the home,
keeping electric appliances away from the bed, turning off/unplugging devices when not in
10. the media to provide information to the public about the health and safety
of using this technology; to rely on "independent
experts" who do not receive funding or other benefits based on the outcome of research
studies; and to identify experts funded by the industry as "industry representatives". The integrity of many of
these scientists leaves much to be desired.